All of the youngsters took part voluntarily shortly after signing brand new informed consent. The project acquired a good statement about Andalusian Panel for Biomedical Browse plus the investigation was addressed anonymously all the time and you may used according to prices of one’s Declaration of Helsinki.
step 3.step 1. Socio-Market Properties
As a whole, 311 girls took part in this research, having a mean ages of ± dos.56 many years, a mean level from ± six.22cm, a suggest lbs regarding ± nine.forty-eight kilogram and a great Body mass index regarding ± step three.17 m 2 /kilogram. According to Bmi group around the globe Health Company (WHO), 5.5% have been skinny, 78.8% was normal weight, a dozen.5% was obese and step 3.2% away from participants were overweight .
An average rating toward KIDMED Level are six.fourteen ± 2.39 for everybody members. Up to 15.1% (47) had reasonable adherence towards the MD, 55.3% (172) had average adherence, and 29.6% (92) had higher adherence. Zero variations was basically discover when comparing adherence to the MD due to the fact a function of new sociodemographic variables assessed.
The typical alcohol consumption is actually dos.64 ± step three.43 SDU, that have 0 SDU being the minimal use and you may 30 SDU the latest maximum worry about-claimed consumption. Concerning the usage of local dinner, 5.5% consumed strawberries each day and 88.4% ate olive oil every single day. Regarding the use of healed ham, 35.7% of your own people stated consuming it weekly.
step three.step three. Dieting and Services of your Menstrual cycle
When analyzing the mean scores of the KIDMED questionnaire of adhesion to the MD and comparing this among women with irregular (6.20 ± 2.59) and regular (6.10 ± 2.30) cycles, no differences were found (p > 0.05). Furthermore, there was no correlation between the KIDMED score and cycle length (r = ?0.066, p > 0.05), nor with the duration of menses (r = 0.029, p > 0.05). Regarding the amount of menstrual flow, a higher mean KIDMED score was found among women with heavy menstrual flow (6.86 ± 2.10) compared to those with a medium amount of flow (5.83 ± 2.43) (p < 0.01).
After grouping the participants into three categories according to the interpretation of the KIDMED, as described in the previous literature, and comparing their menstrual cycle characteristics ( Dining table 1 ), statistically significant differences were only found for the length of the menstrual cycle, which was longer in women with low adherence to the MD (p < 0.01).
Whenever evaluating alcohol consumption counted inside SDU, plus menstrual characteristics, zero distinctions was in fact used in relation to regularity, amount of disperse or duration of menses. A confident correlation was only receive anywhere between SDU of alcoholic beverages and period size (r = 0.119, p = 0.038).
Regarding your use of local dinner (ham, strawberry and vegetable oil) and reference to diet and brand new menstrual https://datingranking.net/local-hookup/montreal/ qualities of females, mathematically tall variations was in fact just located when comparing the degree of monthly period disperse of women just who ate vegetable oil every single day and those whom failed to (p = 0.044). Thus, in females whom ate essential olive oil each and every day, a lowered part of ladies was in fact diagnosed with heavy bleeding (21.8%) as opposed to twenty-five% certainly one of women who failed to consume olive-oil. Regarding the weekly consumption of healed serrano ham, a greater number of women that consumed ham using this type of volume said heavy bleeding (31.6%) than those who did not (17.5%) (p ? 0.01).
step three.cuatro. Dieting and Monthly period Discomfort
No difference in the mean KIDMED Scale score was found between women with menstrual pain (6.13 ± 2.38) and those without (6.17 ± 2.44) or when comparing groups with different MD adherence. In the item-by-item comparison of participants’ responses to the KIDMED questionnaire between women who suffered from menstrual pain and those who did not, statistically significant differences were only found in relation to Item 2 of the KIDMED questionnaire referring to fruit consumption ( Table 2 ). More women without dysmenorrhea consumed a second piece of fruit compared to women with dysmenorrhea (p < 0.05). In the regression model, this item was identified as a protective factor for dysmenorrhea, observing that not consuming a second piece of fruit increased the probability of suffering this pain by 2.984 (95%CI = 1.390–6.406; p < 0.05). Item 7, which corresponded with “Likes pulses and eats them >1/week” was also identified as a risk factor, which increased this likelihood by 2.320 (95%CI = 1.006–5.348) times ( Table 3 ). In relation to the consumption of typical local foods and menstrual pain, daily strawberry consumption among women without dysmenorrhea was higher (11.4%) than among those with dysmenorrhea (4.7%). The percentage of women who consumed olive oil daily was higher among those who did not suffer from dysmenorrhea (91.4%) than among those who did (88%), however this difference was not significant. The percentage of women who ate cured Serrano ham on a weekly basis was slightly higher but not significant in women who suffered from dysmenorrhea (35.9%) compared to those who did not (34.3%). Neither was there any difference in alcohol consumption measured in SDU between the two groups.